Cracks and nanodroplets produced on tungsten surface samples by dense plasma jets

Cracks and nanodroplets produced on tungsten surface samples by dense plasma jets

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Applied Surface Science, Volume 434, p.1122-1128 (2018)

ISBN:

0169-4332

Abstract:

<p>Small samples of 12.5 mm in diameter made from pure tungsten were exposed to a dense plasma jet produced by a coaxial plasma gun operated at 2 kJ. The surface of the samples was analyzed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) before and after applying consecutive plasma shots. Cracks and craters were produced in the surface due to surface tensions during plasma heating. Nanodroplets and micron size droplets could be observed on the samples surface. An energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis revealed that the composition of these droplets coincided with that of the gun electrode material. Four types of samples were prepared by spark plasma sintering from powders with the average particle size ranging from 70 nanometers up to 80 mu m. The plasma power load to the sample surface was estimated to be 4.7 MJ m(-2) s(-1/2) per shot. The electron temperature and density in the plasma jet had peak values 17 eV and 1.6 x 10(22) m(-3), respectively. (C) 2017 National Institute for Laser, Plasma, and Radiation Physics (INFLPR). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>