Triggering surface ferroelectric order in Pb(Zr, Ti)O-3(001) by deposition of platinum

Triggering surface ferroelectric order in Pb(Zr, Ti)O-3(001) by deposition of platinum

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Applied Surface Science, Volume 432, p.27-33 (2018)

ISBN:

0169-4332

URL:

WOS:000416965500006

Keywords:

Band bending, barrier, Charge compensation, Ferroelectrics, interfaces, Metal/ferroelectric interfaces, photoelectron-spectroscopy, THIN-FILMS, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Abstract:

<p>By platinum deposition on a 150 nm thick film of lead zirco-titanate oriented PZT(001), grown on strontium titanate (001) single crystals with a strontium ruthenate buffer layer, which did not show initial preferential out-of-plane orientation of its ferroelectric polarization, a band bending near the interface towards lower energies is observed using photoelectron spectroscopy, by following all core levels from the substrate (Pb 4f, Zr 3d, Ti 2p, O 1s). This is unexpected given the fact that platinum has a larger work function than PZT and a rectifying contact for electrons is expected to be built at the interface. This observation may have two explanations: (i) platinum forms an alloy with elements from PZT yielding a metal with considerable lower work function; (ii) platinum provides electrons to the substrate which are able to compensate the depolarization field generated by the outwards polarization state. Several arguments are brought in favor of the second hypothesis, especially the attenuation of core levels from the substrate which is well described by exponential functions with reasonable values of the photoelectron inelastic mean free path, suggesting the formation of a sharp interface. High resolution transmission electron microscopy confirmed the sharpness of the interface. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.</p>